By Sebastian Fedden
Mian is an endangered non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language of the okay kin spoken within the Highlands fringe in western Papua New Guinea by way of nearly 1,400 audio system. This grammar is the 1st complete description of the language with particular research of tone, gender and clause chaining. The research relies on fundamental box information recorded via the writer. The booklet encompasses a selection of absolutely glossed and translated texts and a observe list.
Winner of the 2013 ALT Gabelentz Award
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Extra info for A Grammar of Mian
2. Aspiration and withheld release The voiceless stops /t/ and /k/ are always aspirated before vowels and diphthongs. /t/, /k/, and the voiceless allophone [p] of the bilabial stop /b/ are normally aspirated word-finally in connected speech. Release can be withheld, though this is typically a feature of word tokens uttered in isolation. Wordmedially before consonant, release is generally withheld. Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 10/16/15 4:11 PM 26 2.
A speciality of the local cuisine is “Mianmin pizza” (éim). The umbelshaped fruits of the pandanus palm (which come in bright red, orange, and yellow, with considerable difference in their appearance but only slight variation in taste, at least to my palate) are cut open lengthways and the hard interior is removed. The seeds are put in bowls and cooked together with peeled taro tubers in a leaf oven. To soften the cooked tubers, they are beaten with a small wooden club (imensít blalin) and kneaded into a big lump of dough which is spread out on pieces of bark in a circular shape.
All of these words show a rising pitch contour. “Lengthened” vowels are analysed as a sequence of two vowels which form two adjacent syllable nuclei (p. 14). This sounds as if there is no phonemic length contrast involved. However, they give two (near-) minimal pairs under the heading ‘Examples of Length Contrasts’ (p. 13). Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 10/16/15 4:11 PM 32 2. Phonology Smith and Weston’s analysis shifts the burden of explaining the differences in vowel length to syllabification.