Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa PDF

By Akira Hirakawa

ISBN-10: 0824812034

ISBN-13: 9780824812034

The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume background. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* in advance of Nagarjuna*
and contains the classes on which Hirakawa did such a lot of his personal prior study. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 vital stories on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A research of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A research of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These reviews, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, proven his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional background. This learn was once fairly very important in his
formulation of a brand new concept of the increase of Mahayana *. through targeting the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.

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Additional info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna

Sample text

H e also told them ab ou t the F ou r N oble T r u th s , w hich consisted o f the tru th s o f suffering, the cause o f suffering, ihe ces­ sation o f suffering, a n d the w ay to end suffering- T h e first o f Ih r five m e n to becom e en lig hten ed th ro u g h the B u d d h a ’s teaching was A jnatak a u n d m y a , who becam e S a k y a m u n i 'i first disciple L a te r the o th e r four a tta in e d e n lig h te n m e n t a n d also b ecam e disciples, thus establishing the Buddhist o r d e r (sarigha).

Because ihe area w as blessed with n a tu ra l resources a n d free from exter^ nal e n e m ie s h the A ry an s d eveloped a rich cu ltu re from 1000 to 500 h . c . f . , a n d m a n y of the d ev elo p m en ts th at c h aracterize d later In d ia n l iv iJi^ a ib n can be traced back to this period, By f 0 0 0 u . c . f . l. D u rin g this period f the A ry an s were a tribal people p rim arily en g a g e d in farm in g a n d h e rd in g . M e rc h a n t a n d artisan classes had fie[{un to a p p e a r , alth o u g h lari^c cilics liad nut yel developed- L a b o r was becoming m o re specialized, Society was d iv id ed in to four classes, called tarna (colors).

T h e T ra n c e o f NoEhingness a n d the 1 Vance o f N eith er P ercep tio n n o r N o n p ercep tio n a re b o th m clu d cd in the early B ud dh ist list o f F our Form less T ran ces A lthough som e scholars hav e q u estio ned w h e th e r ihese trances w ere actually co ntriv ed by A ra d a a n d U d ra k a , m ed itatio n (dhyatw) was cerlainly used lo qu iet the m in d before the tim e o f ihe B u d­ d h a . Relics fro m the In d u s civilization indicate th at the In d u s people p ro b a b ly practiced m e d ita tio n , A ra d a Ji^ d U d r a k a w ere certainly p r a c ­ titio n ers o f m e d ita tio n .

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