By Leila Tarazi Fawaz
The nice conflict remodeled the center East, bringing to an finish 400 years of Ottoman rule in Arab lands whereas giving upward thrust to the center East as we all know it this day. A century later, the studies of normal women and men in the course of these calamitous years have light from reminiscence. A Land of Aching Hearts traverses ethnic, classification, and nationwide borders to get better the private tales of the civilians and infantrymen who continued this cataclysmic event.
between those that suffered have been the folk of higher Syria―comprising smooth Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine―as good because the humans of Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt. past the transferring fortunes of the battlefield, the quarter was once devastated via a British and French naval blockade made worse through Ottoman conflict measures. Famine, ailment, inflation, and an inflow of refugees have been daily realities. however the neighborhood populations weren't passive sufferers. Fawaz chronicles the initiative and resilience of civilian émigrés, marketers, draft-dodgers, squaddies, villagers, and townsmen decided to outlive the struggle as most sensible they can. the right combination of ingenuity and practicality usually intended the adaptation among existence and death.
The war’s aftermath proved sour for lots of survivors. Nationalist aspirations have been quashed as Britain and France divided the center East alongside synthetic borders that also reason resentment. The distress of the nice conflict, and a profound experience of big sacrifices made in useless, might colour people’s perspectives of politics and the West for the century to come.
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Additional info for A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War
For the most part, the opportunities of the early twentieth century were confined to the privileged stratum of society. For others in urban Syria and Iraq, life was still lived in the economic shadows without bright prospects in education or employment. 64 In Cairo and Alexandria, urban explosion and high inflation spawned a housing crisis. From the deterioration of some old quarters, rendering them practically uninhabitable, to the complete overhaul of other quarters, pricing them out of the reach of the lower classes, the housing shortage precipitated social unrest.
All of this suggests that interreligious links existed across professions and classes. However, when the effects of the Industrial Revolution began disrupting the established political, economic, and social balance on a large scale, the A CHANGING MIDDLE EAST 33 resulting tensions could find sectarian expression. Uneven economic opportunities, greater mobility, better communications, regional or local instability, the manipulation of local groups, and just about any disruption of the status quo caused people to find strength in their traditional loyalties.
To French and British colonialists with large Muslim popu- A CHANGING MIDDLE EAST 21 lations under their rule, the prospect of pan-Islamic rebellion under the banner of the caliph was a perennial concern. 38 In 1908, a group of junior army officers and bureaucrats joined forces, and with the support of key army groups demanded the reinstitution of the constitution and the reopening of the parliament. As these winds of political challenge intensified, Abdulhamid’s thirty-year balancing act finally came to an end.