By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin
Because the early Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, basically to Israel and the U.S.. principally end result of the imaginitive and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their neighbors through the international this nice exodus had vital ramifications for US kin with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. moreover, the luck of yank Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the neighborhood, which on a number of a long time prior to have been not able to extricate hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This booklet, half heritage, half occasion, combines essays through students with memoirs and primary hand debts to chronicle this amazing rescue undertaking.
Read or Download A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews PDF
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Because the early Sixties, a few 1. three million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, basically to Israel and the united states. principally because of the creative and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their neighbors during the global this nice exodus had vital ramifications for US relatives with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel.
Extra info for A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews
Binyamin Eliav, consul general of Israel in New York had been deeply involved in the issue of Soviet Jewry for a good part of the 1950s as a key member, with Nehemiah Levanon, of the little known Israeli agency, the Lishkat HaKeshar, the Prime Minister’s Liaison Bureau (on Soviet Jews). It had been created in 1952 by Prime Minister Moshe Sharett to respond to the increasing repression of Soviet Jewry. Eliav succeeded Levanon in Israel’s Moscow embassy after Levanon’s expulsion. He adroitly drew upon this background and his role as consulgeneral to reach out to elite figures in government, national media, academia, the arts, and the Jewish establishment on the issue of Soviet Jews.
Israel relations. Only a few months earlier, he recalled, it had been agreed unanimously that the issue of North African Jews was outside the scope of the Presidents’ Conference. He also noted that only twenty-four hours before, Hellman had indicated that the Presidents’ Conference would not seek jurisdiction. Others supported Bernstein’s position. Chairing the meeting in the absence of Philip Klutznik, then chairman of the Presidents’ Conference, Label Katz, president of B’nai B’rith, asserted that he, too, had raised questions about the jurisdiction of the Presidents’ Conference.
48 Friedman & Chernin: A Second Exodus page 29 A. D. Chernin, Making Soviet Jews an Issue 29 The Khrushchev visit to the United States produced no changes in the policies and practices of the Soviet Union. Discrimination against Jews in education, employment, and housing was as widespread as in czarist Russia. ”49 The closure of synagogues continued. 50 The Soviet media continued its vicious campaign against Zionism and Judaism. While there was no ban on baking matzoh, impediments to such baking prior to Passover began to appear in various Soviet cities that had the same effect as a ban.