By Gunnar Eliasson
The fundamental subject of this publication is to enquire the macroeconomic importance of the "cloud" of technological spillovers that surrounds complex business creation: In what methods do technological suggestions unfold and give a contribution to monetary progress? What guidelines might be built to maximise the commercial power of options? those issues are fairly well timed within the context of worldwide financial difficulty, government-sponsored stimulus applications, and the continued evolution from manufacturing-based to knowledge-based economies. To discover those matters intensive, Gunnar Eliasson makes a speciality of an in depth case research of the improvement of Saab’s army plane, the JAS 39 Gripen system—a undertaking that contains complex technological ideas, a fancy community of providers, public-private area collaboration, and either army and advertisement purposes. The event within the airplane can be in comparison with spillover results in telephony, desktops, and scientific applied sciences. The examine emphasizes the function of shopper competence in elevating the standard of innovation provide, and of entrepreneurship and industrially useful enterprise capital for commercializing spillovers. Eliasson integrates micro-econometrics and case examine research with macroeconomics, innovation research tools, and enterprise management idea to degree the consequences of expertise spillovers and generate a great empirical beginning for coverage research. particularly, he considers:
- the function of useful public (government) procurement as a brand new call for coverage to help innovation supply
- the emergence of the complicated enterprises as "technical university," the place continuous studying occurs and entrepreneurship between shoppers and different stakeholders is encouraged
- issues of highbrow estate rights and the social worth of technological innovations
- the implications for strategic enterprise perform and public policy
The result's a booklet that might attract a wide spectrum of teachers, leaders, and policymakers drawn to the dynamics of innovation provide, commercialization of applied sciences and fiscal growth.
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Extra resources for Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University
The outer circle in Fig. 14 Medical technology is prominently represented as are product developments in entertainment and automotive traffic control. The story of serendipitous discovery in the outer circle would also not be fully told if the missed opportunities and outright failures have not been mentioned, the most spectacular being Ericsson’s failed venture (EIS) into the business information systems market (Case 11) that pulled an early, promising Swedish and Saab-based computer industry with it (Case 10).
The knowledge embodied in the commercializing industry also constitutes a competitive advantage for the advanced industrial economies. –– The situation is different for industrially developing economies. They need help both to capture and to commercialize the spillovers that are associated with large industrial procurement projects. This constitutes the rationale for value sharing within an industrial participation or offset trade contract (Cf. Chap. 6 on South Africa). –– Even the firms in advanced industrial economies depend on access to the global pool of technology, and a large part of their competitiveness rests on their competence to access and exploit that pool (receiver competence).
That in the latter case the spillover pick up area widens, reducing the risk for the area as a whole of losing winners and raising the potential economic values created. But it will also be difficult or impossible to predict the geographical (national) “fall out” of the spillovers. , to help build an entrepreneurial economy. With large potential spillovers from sophisticated procurements, if Brussels is unable to enforce (1) a lower spillover intensity, and a losing proposition for the entire wider area (“Europe”) will be the consequence.