Download Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, by Paul Kockelman PDF

By Paul Kockelman

ISBN-10: 0199926980

ISBN-13: 9780199926985

This ebook bargains either a naturalistic and significant thought of indicators, minds, and meaning-in-the-world. It offers a reconstructive instead of deconstructive conception of the person, one that either analytically separates and theoretically synthesizes more than a few schools which are frequently harassed and conflated: enterprise (understood as a causal capacity), subjectivity (understood as a representational capacity), selfhood (understood as a reflexive capacity), and personhood (understood as a sociopolitical potential attendant on being an agent, topic, or self). It argues that those amenities are most sensible understood from a semiotic stance that supersedes the standard intentional stance. And, in so doing, it deals a pragmatism-grounded method of that means and mediation that's common adequate to account for approaches which are as embodied and embedded as they're articulated and enminded. particularly, whereas this conception is concentrated on human-specific modes of which means, it additionally bargains a normal conception of that means, such that the brokers, matters and selves in query don't need to consistently, or perhaps frequently, map onto people. And whereas this conception foregrounds brokers, folks, topics and selves, it does this by way of theorizing techniques that frequently stay within the heritage of such (often erroneously) individuated figures: ontologies (akin to tradition, yet generalized throughout agentive collectivities), interplay (not merely among humans, but in addition among humans and issues, and whatever open air or in-between), and infrastructure (akin to context, yet generalized to incorporate mediation at any measure of remove).

Paul Kockelman, affiliate Professor of Anthropology, Barnard collage and Columbia college.

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Additional info for Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure

Example text

On the other hand, such issues are at the center of human-specific modes of significance and selection. For example, given the fact that, for humans at least, Nietzschean and Veblenian processes are constantly parasitic on (and generative of) our semiotic practices, our interpretant-sign relations are tightly coupled to our object-sign relations. ) as the outcome of significance and selection, as much as sieving and serendipity, our framing of the event is itself the outcome of significance and selection as much as sieving and serendipity (not to mention all the other relations between relations detailed in this chapter).

For example, the facial expressions described by Darwin (1965 [1872]), or the affect programs studied by Ekman (2006), are frameable in similar terms—from their roots, involving an appraisal of a situation (qua “sensation”), through autonomic nervous system arousal to their fruits, involving a set of behaviors (qua “instigation”). , as a circumspecting and associating “Dasein” via Heidegger) is of no concern here. As will be taken up in section 4, whether the focus is representations of the world (chapter 5) or residence in the world (chapter 4) there is significance and selection.

18 On the one hand, such claims have relatively prosaic implications. For example, much of what counts as intradisciplinary divides and interdisciplinary differences are essentially questions of framing or different ways of dividing up what are otherwise hopelessly complex processes of significance and selection into individually manageable and institutionally fundable projects. On the other hand, such issues are at the center of human-specific modes of significance and selection. For example, given the fact that, for humans at least, Nietzschean and Veblenian processes are constantly parasitic on (and generative of) our semiotic practices, our interpretant-sign relations are tightly coupled to our object-sign relations.

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