By Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)
Ever due to the fact that Aristotle's recognized argument concerning the sea-battle the next day, there was in depth and arguable dialogue between philosophers even if the reality of statements concerning the destiny ends up in determinism. Ther e is controversy approximately Aristotle's personal method to the matter, in addition to the perspectives of classical and medieval commentators on Aristotle. Seel's booklet makes an attempt to reply to this question for the Neoplatonist Ammonius (5th-6th century AD). In so doing, he additionally opens up new insights into Neoplatonic idea.
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Additional info for Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays
Sorabji, 1980, 92-93; 1998, 8ff; R. Sharpies, 1978a, 263-64; M. Mignucci, 1994; 1998,53ff. 36 Part II: Introduction from the point of view of the future or of eternity. The sentences are true because, from a timeless point of view, there is an event that makes them true. This event presents the outcome of the open course of the world process. It is because, from a timeless point of view, the open course has this outcome that there is a present fact about this outcome and a present truth of the sentence predicting it.
Also called 'the non-traditional solution' or 'the second oldest solution'. Future Contingencies: The problem and its possible solutions 37 Is the principle of bivalence valid for future contingent sentences? What is the truth-maker of future contingent sentences? Ontological position Aristotle's adversaries yes the predicted future event necessitarian determinism Aristotle (on the standard interpretation) no there is no truth-maker at the present moment indeterminism Diodorus Cronus yes present facts about future events non-necessitarian determinism Chrysippus yes present facts about the predicted event established by present causes of that event non-necessitarian fatalistic determinism Epicurus no there is no truth-maker at the present moment non-necessitarian anti-fatalistic indeterminism Carneades yes the predicted future event non-necessitarian indeterminism Alexander's School yes ?
I use the reconstruction given by S. Bobzien 1998a, 85. 24 Part II: Introduction (P2) The Principle of Bivalence holds. (CI) Therefore the General Causal Principle holds as well. Step two (P4) The General Causal Principle implies the Fate Principle. (C1/P3) The General Causal Principle holds. (C2) Therefore the Fate Principle holds as well. The General Causal Principle is that there is no motion without cause. The Fate Principle is that everything happens in accordance with fate. For our present purposes, only the first step is important.