By Tremper Longman III, Raymond B. Dillard
This moment version of An creation to the outdated testomony integrates and interacts with fresh advancements in outdated testomony scholarship. numerous special set it except different introductions to the outdated testomony: • it's completely evangelical in its standpoint • It emphasizes “special introduction”―the learn of person books • It interacts in an irenic spirit with the historical-critical approach • It gains issues of analysis background and consultant students instead of an exhaustive remedy of prior scholarship • It offers with the which means of every publication, now not in isolation yet in a canonical context • It probes the which means of every booklet within the surroundings of its tradition together with callouts, charts, and graphs, this article is written with a watch on figuring out the character of outdated testomony historiography. This upper-level creation to the outdated testomony deals scholars a superb realizing of 3 key matters: old historical past, literary research, and theological message.
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One major concentration is at the Pentateuch, quite often at the oldest entire narrative resource, the Yahwist, which used to be written in the beginning of the Jewish diaspora. A moment concentration is at the books of Kings, on their chronological constitution in addition to at the ultimate chapters 2 Kgs 24-25.
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Within the self-contained elements of his learn, individual bargains a brand new attempt at reconstructing the Urtext of the 2 significant synoptic texts from the booklet of Kings, with the purpose of offering a critique of present redaction-critical research of the Deuteronomistic background (DH). To this finish, he compares the numerous textual recensions concerned, which in relation to 2 Kgs 18:13-20:19 are the Hebrew and Greek texts of Kings, the Hebrew and Greek texts of the Isaiah parallel, and the corresponding parts of the Isaiah scroll from Qumran.
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Extra resources for An introduction to the Old Testament
It is true that the type of information we are providing in this third section may be found elsewhere: monographs, journal articles, and especially commentaries. But these are scattered resources, so there is value to collecting brief statements of the theological message of each book of the Old Testament in one volume. Another approach at justifying the inclusion of theology in an Old Testament introduction is simply to point out that the historical, literary, and theological issues are intertwined and thus are most profitably treated together.
Differences of style, including the use of two different names to designate the same person, tribe, or place (Reuel/Jethro; Horeb/Sinai; Jacob/Israel; Ishmaelites/Midianites). 4. Different theologies. For instance, J is commonly characterized as portraying God anthropomorphically; D presents a form of retribution theology; P is replete with priestly concerns and tends to emphasize the transcendence of God. The differing viewpoints in the putative documents are often alleged to show progression in Israel’s theology from animism, to henotheism, and finally to monotheism.
Besides the criteria themselves, the critical approach has always foundered on the failure to achieve consensus in the delineation of the sources. Apparently a subjective element is involved that casts doubt on the scientific basis for the method. This failure to achieve consensus is represented by the occasional division of source strata into multiple layers (see Smend’s J1 and J2) that often occasions the appearance of new sigla (for instance, Eissfeldt’s L[aienquelle], Noth’s G[rundschrift], Fohrer’s N [for Nomadic], and Pfeiffer’s S [for Seir].