Download Animal Biotechnology: Identifying Science-Based Concerns by Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with PDF

By Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with Products of Animal Biotechnology

ISBN-10: 0309084393

ISBN-13: 9780309084390

This publication identifies science-based and policy-related matters approximately animal biotechnology that has to be resolved prior to breakthroughs in genetic-based animal biotechnology can succeed in their strength. After a quick historical past of the sector and definitions of phrases, the booklet describes what's recognized and what's feared approximately rising applied sciences and questions relating to the inadvertent free up of harmful microorganisms, the security of goods derived from biotechnology, and the influence of genetically engineered animals on their atmosphere. there's additionally dialogue of animal welfare issues and society's ability to manage and deal with expertise.

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The application of biotechnology to animals has a long history, beginning in Southwest Asia after the last ice age, when humans first began to trap wild animal species and to breed them in captivity, initially for meat and fiber and later for transport and milk. Of the approximately 48,000 mammalian species, fewer than 20 have been successfully domesticated (Diamond, 1999). Other than cats and dogs, only five of these species (cattle of the Bos genus, whose ancient Copyright © 2003 National Academy of Sciences.

Alternatively, those changes might result in increased efficiency in food production for a growing population, improvements in animal welfare, or better protection of the environment. The socioeconomic impacts of animal biotechnologies might be manifest at the level of the individual, family, community, or corporation. For example, religious or cultural groups might have dietary norms or rules that might be violated by genetic engineering of animals used for food. Regulatory decisions and enforcement are difficult in the absence of an ethical framework underlying regulatory decisions related to animal biotechnologies or a regulatory framework for addressing unique problems and characteristics associated with animal biotechnologies.

Dairy cattle in 1993 because testing had revealed no concerns regarding consumer safety (Juskevich and Guyer, 1990; Bauman, 1999). S. dairy industry, where milk production can be increased as much as 30 percent in well managed, appropriately fed herds, without adversely affecting the quality or composition of the milk. The BST, which is almost indistinguishable in sequence from the natural hormone, is present in low concentrations in milk, but has no biologic activity in humans. The level of IGF1, the hormone induced by BST, is somewhat elevated but within the “physiologic range” for cows and is probably digested along with other milk proteins in the adult stomach, although it might have biologic activity in the intestine of neonates (Burrin, 1997).

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